Some mental health issues are so complicated that we cannot even figure out what actually is happening. Conditions like depression and anxiety are easy to understand but what about bipolar disorder? Not only the patient but it also confuses psychotherapists because of the mixed symptoms. Bipolar is basically a cycle of manic and depressive phases that may occur frequently or after a long interval. However, the consequences are very disturbing. Some of the most noticeable symptoms of this disorder are:-
- Sudden mood swinging
- Losing interest
- The escalating desire of sex
- Risk-taking behavior
- Slow or fast metabolism
On the basis of symptoms, doctors divide bipolar in four major categories that you are going to understand here.
Different types of bipolar disorders
- Bipolar I Disorder
A person suffering from bipolar I disorder experience severe manic and depressive phases that range between 1 to 2 weeks. In serious cases, the patient may also need hospitalization.
- Bipolar II Disorder
Bipolar II aka hypomania also involves both manic and depressive phases but depression remains dominant. Patients experience a long-term depressive phase followed by short episodes of mania too. Sometimes, we mistook it as depression because of similar symptoms.
- Cyclothymic Disorder
The patients of cyclothymic disorder experience a particular phase for one to two years. The symptoms of hypomania and depression remain constant more frequently.
- Mixed features
This kind of bipolar disorder occurs mostly in drug addicts. Generally, mixed features of the bipolar disorder appear during the withdrawal or craving. A person may immerse in depression or hyper level of mania which are dangerous. Also, people suffering from some special medical conditions are vulnerable to mixed symptoms of bipolar disorder.
Reliable Treatment for Bipolar Disorder
Some people may suggest medicines while others go with the option of therapies like cognitive behaviour and hypnosis. There will also be a criterion of people who suggest meditation and various holistic approaches. Actually, you may need the help of all because there is not a specific pill to cure bipolar disorder. It is a complicated mental health disorder in which symptoms keep on changing dynamically. Therefore, we need the assistance of professionals who are already successfully healing several mental health disorders. Rehabilitation centers are the exact locations where you can expect all these services. In a mental health rehab center, they customize a positive environment where patients feel more comfortable during the treatment period.
Why rehabilitation is necessary?
A patient of bipolar disorder needs a special environment where someone must be always available to assist you. Also, the patient needs multiple sets of treatments. It is not possible at home for a person to follow every single instruction given by doctors even after hiring a personal therapist. In a bipolar or depression treatment rehab, they arrange a new lifestyle schedule that involves the following factors:-
- Medications including Anticonvulsant, Antipsychotic and Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitor. They are helpful in treating issues like seizures, depression and various other psychiatric disorders.
- A group of different therapies including cognitive behaviour therapy, support group, family therapy, and psychotherapy.
- Critically supportive care by hospitalization.
- Holistic approaches to harness the mind by focusing. This may include yoga, massages and several calming techniques. Also, they suggest some SPECIAL activities for a bipolar disorder like exercise.
If you are experiencing a drastic swing in the mood without reason, immediately contact a psychotherapist. It may feel awesome in the beginning due to the manic phase but soon you will also have to face the dark side of depression.