Civil engineering processes involve the use of various types of materials like soil, concrete, asphalt, steel and other necessary equipment which are combined in construction activities. A structural engineer must ensure all the materials used in civil construction activities are of optimum quality. Moreover, all the materials should conform to ISI standards which can be analysed using various materials testing equipment.
Material testing equipment refers to special devices that help in testing the quality of civil material equipment. Such tools and equipment help in the analysis of civil engineering materials and enables an individual to ensure the materials conform to standard material quality standards.
The equipment used for analysing the quality of civil engineering materials like concrete and asphalt helps civil engineers in ensuring good quality materials are used for construction activities. Materials are judged based on various aspects like moisture content and ability to withstand heat and pressure etc. various tools and equipment are using which an individual can test the quality of civil construction materials. Such equipment is categorized under the heads of materials which are tested.
- Soil testing:
Soil is one of the most important components which require analysis for civil contamination activities. Soil and associated materials like gravel, silt, sand, and gravel. They are tested and analysed based on various aspects like density, permeability, and strength which are essential so that the structure constructed stays strong and durable. Various equipment like grain size distribution measuring apparatus, hydrometer, liquid limit measuring devices, dynamic cone penetration measuring devices and numerous other tools are used by civil engineers and contractors for measuring the quality and resistance power of soil on various levels.
- Rocks and related material:
Rocks and related aggregate materials used in construction activities need to be tested. Rock beds undergo several treatments upon excavation or movement which can affect the structural strength of the constructed establishment. Equipment like drilling machines are used for excavation of deep rocks for sampling and analysis. Flat jacks for measuring the strength of embedded rocks and gauge measurement devices for analysis of rocks based on various aspects like strength etc are used by civil engineers.
- Cement and concrete:
Cement and concrete are the two most important components for any construction activity. Consistency, strength, and ability to withstand pressure are most aspects related to the quality of concrete mixtures used for construction activities. Both automatic and manual pieces of equipment are used for the analysis of concrete and related materials. Concrete mixers, compression testing machines, devices for measuring strain handling ability, moulding equipment and numerous others are used for analysing concrete for use in construction activities.
- Bitumen mixture:
Bitumen mixture made of asphalt and other important materials used in construction activities like carpeting of roads need to be analysed for ensuring quality. Penetrometer for determining penetration and consistency of bitumen and other materials like paint and tar is used. A viscometer is important equipment used for determining the viscosity power of bitumen and other semi-liquids to ensure that the material is sticky and thick essential for construction activities.
Civil testing equipmentare used for analysing various construction equipment so that one can be sure of receiving complete benefits upon utilization of such materials for construction activities.